ZIL-130 (ZIL-431410) is a Soviet medium-duty truck of the third generation designed and produced by the Likhachev Automobile Plant in Moscow. It was widely used in the national economy and the army, and was exported. One of the most mass-produced vehicles in the history of the Soviet automobile industry. Over 3.5 million copies were produced during almost half a century of production.
The first work on the new truck, intended to replace the serial ZIS-150, began at the plant in 1953 under the direction of the chief designer for trucks A. M. Krieger, Georgy Alexandrovich Festa was appointed as the lead designer. The design of the car in the final version was determined by the leading artist of the plant T. P. Kiseleva. Initially the project was named ZIS-125, ZIS-150M, later it was renamed to ZIL-130.
The truck was equipped with an 8-cylinder carbureted four-stroke V-type overhead valve engine ZIL-130 with an output of 150 hp at 3200 rpm (with a limiter). (with a limiter), maximum torque of 41 kGm at 1800 rpm.
The ZIL-130 was equipped with power steering, synchronized 5-speed gearbox, three-seater cab with pneumatic windshield wiper and foot windshield washer. Some trucks were equipped with engine preheater. Subsequently, transistorized ignition, alternator, modified instrument panel were introduced. Later, a modified design of universal joints and other innovations were used. Cabins of early cars had two ventilation hatches in the roof of the cabin and an air duct hatch in the left side of the cabin above the clutch pedal. Then this hatch was removed. In the seventies, first the left ventilation hatch was abolished, and then the right one. Until 1970, the flatbed trucks had a height of 685 mm, later the height of the sides was reduced to 575 mm.
- ZIL-130A – flatbed tractor for constant work with a trailer with a total weight of 8000 kg, equipped with a combined brake crane, traction hitch and pneumatic and electric outlets for connecting the braking system and electrical appliances of the trailer;
- ZIL-130G – flatbed long wheelbase truck with a platform with two-section side boards (wheelbase 4500 mm);
- ZIL-130V with a trailer (grille of the 1st series, before 1977)
- ZIL-130V – tractor with shortened wheelbase (3300 mm);
- ZIL-130VT – tractor with shortened wheelbase (3300 mm) and reinforced rear axle;
- ZIL-130D – chassis for construction dump trucks with shortened wheelbase (3300 mm);
- ZIL-130B – chassis for agricultural dump trucks with a wheelbase of 3800 mm;
The gas is in the cylinder in two phases: 90% of the volume is liquid and 10% of the volume is vapor. Their mixture goes through pipelines to the valve, then to the evaporator, where the whole mixture is converted into vapor. The vapor then passes through filters to remove resinous substances and mechanical dirt and enters the reducer.
The reducer is a two-stage automatic diaphragm pressure regulator with lever transmission of pressure from the diaphragm to the valves. The first stage operates at high pressure, the second at low pressure. The reducer reduces gas pressure, regulates the amount of fuel at different engine speeds with the help of economizer.
HBO under natural gas (methane) and to work on liquefied gas (propane-butane mixture), differs in the first stage. For work on propane there is a vaporizer, for work on methane there is a high-pressure reducer with heating from exhaust gases. Subsequently, heating was carried out from the cooling system.
After the reducer, the gas goes to the mixer, where a gas-air feed mixture is formed. The gas mixer is mounted on the engine inlet manifold. The mixer is combined with the drive of the pneumocentrifugal crankshaft speed limiter.
The gas tank with a capacity of about 10 liters allowed to drive to a gas filling station in case of gas exhaustion, as the gasoline system served as a backup.