In the early 60s, the experimental transporter ET-8 was considered the personification of high development and a role model for the USSR. This eight-wheeled giant had foreign roots, written off from the 1956 model of the American company Four Wheel Drive.
Officially, the prototype ET-8 was developed by NAMI. It was built at the institute’s pilot plant and was equipped with a 180-horsepower ZIL-375 engine. On each of the two leading bogies with built-in brakes, four rubber-cord sheath-rollers with a diameter and a width of 1.2 m with reduced internal pressure were attached, which made it possible to do without a suspension. They were driven by a complex and heavy system of gear drives called guitars. The machine was controlled by hydraulic cylinders that deflected the front bogie in the right direction.
In the process of testing, the units of the ET-8 machine were finalized and the main areas of its application in the national economy and in the army were outlined. But the 21-ton all-terrain vehicle turned out to be too heavy, inactive and had a small degree of unification with conventional cars. Given these shortcomings, as well as the slight vulnerability of the movers, the military recognized it as unpromising for army purposes.
Modernized all-terrain vehicle NAMI-094 Hurricane for the national economy. In 1963, the ER-8 all-terrain vehicle was converted into a multi-purpose five-ton civilian version of the NAMI-094 Uragan with a more powerful YaMZ-238 diesel engine. Outwardly, it differed from its predecessor by voluminous front fenders with corrugated sidewalls, an elongated body with an awning and spectacular chrome “pipes” of sound signals on the roof.